Structural Wood Analyses of the Santa Ana Mission Church
In 2011 and 2012, the 1750 Santa Ana Mission Church at the old Santa Ana Pueblo was renovated and restored, revealing much of the original structural wood used in its construction and providing details of construction that have seldom been documented. The history of the mission churches at Santa Ana is one
of the best known, gathered from Spanish and later documents. The structural wood project analyses has documented nearly 400 structural elements in the church and its adjoining rooms. These elements have provided 308 samples and, of these, 173 tree-ring dates have been established. This is probably the most extensively-dated church in the Southwest. Samples include almost all of the 84 corbels and 80 vigas, many of the horizontal intramural beams (placed in the walls), as well as many of the door and window parts. All of the in-situ structural elements were mapped, as well as a pile of elements found in the nearby wood dump—which had come from present and past construction and renovation activities--were documented. This talk provides an overview of the structural woodwork at the church and its dating results, as well as views of many of the "hand-wrought" features found at the church. The study also provides a re-examination of the historical record of the church through the use of dendrochronology.
Tom Windes was educated at the University of North Carolina (BA, 1965) and the University of New Mexico (MA, 1967). His professional experience includes the U.S. Forest Service (1970-71), the National Park Service’s Chaco Project and other park projects (1972-2005), with stints at OCA and Zuni Pueblo. Tom has has also conducted contract work across the Southwest. He has published nearly 100 articles and monographs in the Park Service’s Chaco Reports, and in numerous journals including American Antiquity, Kiva, Scientific American, Journal of Archaeological Science, and the Journal of Field Archaeology, among others. His work has also been published by the Cambridge University Press, and the university presses of Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. He latest reports came out a few weeks ago: NPS Chaco Center Report No. 13: Early Puebloan Occupations in the Chaco Region, Volume I: Excavations and Survey of Basketmaker IIIand Pueblo I Sites, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico by the Arizona State Museum, and in Kiva: The Chacoan Court Kiva.